FM 100-61 PDF

FM 100-61 PDF

FM Armor- and Mechanized-Based Opposing Force: Operational Art. • FM Armor- and Mechanized-Based Opposing Force. FM Armor- and Mechanized-Based Opposing Force: Operational Art. FM Armor- and Mechanized-Based Opposing Force: Tactics. FM The OPFOR operational doctrine outlined in FM represents a realistic . *This publication supersedes FM , 26 January

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They can also lay obstacles in the depth of friendly units in the main defensive zone, and at subsequent defensive lines, all the way back to the army group’s final defensive line.

Whether on the attack or in the defense, MODs In more typical cases, however, the U. It usually consists of a reconnaissance and obstacle-clearing group, one or two road and bridge construction and repair groups, and a route-marking group. In the offense, the MOD usually moves forward with the AT reserve either on an open flank or in a central position ready to deploy to any threatened axis.

The more advanced states have the logistics and command structures necessary to conduct continuous operations, and joint operations are the norm.

Army Publishing Directorate

The primary purpose of the field manuals in the series is to provide the basis for a realistic and versatile OPFOR to meet U. They have some armor but rely on dismounted or motorized infantry for the bulk of their combat power. An MOD can vary in size depending on the operational situation and the needs of the maneuver commander.

When opposed by an adversary of similar capabilities, an infantry-based OPFOR can conduct conventional, force-oriented combat.


It locates assembly areas far enough behind friendly lines to deny the enemy ground observation and to lessen direct-fire effects.

If not, the infantry-based forces of FM may better fit training needs. The three primary engineer tasks performed in combat are reconnaissance, obstacle clearing, and establishing engineer obstacles. The formal name of this branch of the armed forces, which corresponds dm the U. Engineers can lay mines and construct obstacles in front of f, forward edge and on likely enemy tank approach routes.

List of United States Army Field Manuals

It has also made clearing explosive obstacles a primary task for troops on the march. If the march occurs in the rear of friendly forces, the commander can send the engineer reconnaissance patrol in advance to obtain the required data.

As they modernize, they can reduce in size and still maintain a high level of ffm capability. They can support training in the field, in classrooms, or in automated simulations. The OPFOR uses various deception measures to mislead the enemy about size and location of forces and weapons systems and about the nature of defensive engineer preparations.

Like the cm end of the infantry-based OPFOR, these forces are likely to attempt to deal with a larger, more technologically advanced army through terrorism f, insurgency.

Both types can field self-propelled artillery and multiple rocket launchers; artillery-delivered precision munitions; medium-to-heavy tanks; and limited thermal capability. If the OPFOR plans cm a temporary halt or defensive action, it can mechanically surface-lay small protective minefields.

Therefore, mechanical and remote means have recently become more prevalent. Engineer obstacles include any actions taken to inflict losses and to delay and impede enemy movement. Enemy reconnaissance can discover minefields laid too far in advance and can take measures to overcome them. The type and scale of engineer support depends on the operational situation, enemy forces, and the conditions under which an OPFOR army or army group assumes the defensive.


These engineer elements range in size from brigades down to companies. Army simply needs to train against an OPFOR that represents a particular level of capability rather than a particular country. They typically use these heavier units as exploitation forces or mobile reserves. These Ground Forces comprise several standing divisions and separate brigades, most of which are subordinate 10061 standing armies or corps.

They serve as a means of collecting information including To use FMtrainers must first develop a scenario. Crossing is also a generic term identifying the site of a river crossing or the act of crossing.

FM Armor- And Mechanized-Based Opposing Force Operational Art – Table of Contents

Other engineer tasks in the defense are clearing obstacles, crossing gaps, and eliminating the effects of fire strikes. They are f, not out of austerity but for practical reasons, because the lightness of the equipment enhances mobility.

Engineers also have more time to construct lines of communication and conceal forces and stockpiles. Fortification preparation combines and uses to best advantage the terrain’s protective properties, local construction materials, and engineer excavation equipment.