ENGELBART AUGMENTING HUMAN INTELLECT PDF

ENGELBART AUGMENTING HUMAN INTELLECT PDF

Engelbart: “Augmenting Human Intellect”. “By “augmenting human intellect” we mean increasing the capability of a man to approach a complex. C. Engelbart, and William K. English, AFIPS Conference Proceedings of the Fall 2a In the Augmented Human Intellect (AHI) Research Center at Stanford. Final report of in-depth study conducted by Doug Engelbart into improving human intellect and human effectiveness, outlining a.

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This page was last edited on 27 Septemberat The process of tying two items together is the important thing.

Augmenting Human Intellect: A Conceptual Framework

Then, on beyond the strict logic of the mathematician, lies the imtellect of logic in everyday affairs. The efficiency of organization within the superstructure is now doubly important so that a minimum of talent in the superstructure produces a maximum of organizational efficiency in directing the productivity of the remaining talent. When the course of action must respond to new comprehension, new insights and new intuitive flashes of possible explanations or solutions, it will not be an orderly process.

Log In Sign Up. An early paper, offering suggestions toward augmenting the human intellect, that fits well and significantly within the framework which we have developed was written by Vannevar Bush [ 6 ] in Sugmenting change can propagate up through the capability hierarchy; higher-order capabilities that can utilize the initially changed capability can now reorganize to take special advantage of this change and of the intermediate higher-capability changes.

This allowed an empirical approach which proved both simple and effective.

Intelligence amplification

Now he begins to enter detailed information about the interior. It’s not difficult for a writer with the right habits to do this manually. His work not only individual and a group of individual but between is not only technical but a theory of society that can be improved individual intelligence and collective intelligence. The explicit new system we contemplate will involve as artifacts computers, and computer-controlled information-storage, information-handling, and information-display devices.

Engelbart: “Augmenting Human Intellect”

enggelbart Can we think of characteristics that mean a small change will have an especially large impact? The style of Section III seems to make for easier reading. At a little higher level of capability, more of the conscious conceptual and executive capabilities become involved. A touch brings up the code book.

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The Whorfian hypothesis states that “the world view of a culture is limited by the structure of the language which that culture uses. In any composite process, there is cooperative interaction between the two domains, requiring interchange of energy much of it for information exchange purposes only. A Conceptual Framework”Section D: Determining the class of basic capabilities not already utilized within existing augmentation systems requires a different exploration method.

If it were so very easy to look things up, how would our vocabulary develop, how would our habits of exploring the intellectual domains of others shift, how might the sophistication of practical organization mature if each person can so quickly and easily look up applicable ruleshow would our education system change to take advantage of this new external symbol-manipulation capability of students and teachers and administrators?

But let the human specify to the instrument his particular conceptual need of the moment, relative to this internal image. He wrote as World War II was coming to an end, and his principal purpose seemed to be to offer new professional objectives to those scientists who were soon to be freed from war-motivated research and development. Clinical psychology seems to provide clear evidence that a large proportion of a human’s everyday activity is significantly mediated or basically prompted by unconscious mental processes that, although “natural” in a functional sense, are not rational.

First he runs through an encyclopedia, finds and interesting but sketchy article, leaves it projected, Next, in a history, he finds another pertinent item, and ties the two together.

Intelligence amplification – Wikipedia

They may yet allow him truly to encompass the great record and to grow in the wisdom of race experience. This is not only a menage an high-order process, like writing a prose text, the technological paper but a real ‘philosophical’ essay on the meaning individual can navigate throughout this process hierarchy with of hunman knowledge and intellwct in the era of the their different and specific repertore of capabilities.

Professionally our methods of transmitting and reviewing the results of research are generations old Must we always transform to mechanical movements in order to proceed from one electrical phenomenon to intellevt By “augmenting human intellect” we mean increasing the capability of a man to approach a complex problem situation, to gain comprehension to suit his particular needs, and to derive solutions to problems.

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Moreover, IA has a long humsn of success, since all forms of information technology, from the abacus to writing to the Internet, have been developed basically to extend the information processing capabilities of the human mind see extended mind and distributed cognition.

Thus, a capability for structuring and executing processes is partially dependent upon the human’s mental humab, which in turn is partially dependent upon his process structuring through concept and symbol structuringwhich is partially dependent upon his mental structuring, etc.

Almost every one can be reduced to the form: If the means evolved for an individual’s external manipulation of his thinking-aid symbols indeed directly affect the way in which he thinks, then the original Whorfian hypothesis would offer an added effect. It’s tempting to focus primarily on changes to basic capabilities.

In the automated system that we contemplate, the human should be able to draw on explicit-artifact process capability at many levels in the repertoire hierarchy; today, artifacts are involved explicitly in only the lower-order capabilities.

Augmentin entire effect of an individual on the world stems essentially from what he can transmit to the world through his limited motor channels.

It is principally this kind of means for external symbol manipulation that has been associated with the evolution of the individual’s present way of doing his concept manipulation thinking. In six and a half pages crammed full of well-based speculations, Bush proceeds to outline enough plausible artifact and methodology developments to make a very convincing case for the augmentation of the individual intellectual worker.

For instance, usually jntellect must be aware of his progress toward a goal supervisorhe must be alert to the possibilities for changing the goal policy maker, plannerand he must keep records for these and other roles clerk. He often recalls from the “clerk” his working lists of specifications and considerations to refer to them, modify them, or add to them.

Anything that might have so general an effect upon our mental actions as is implied here, is certainly a candidate for ultimate consideration in the continuing development of our intellectual effectiveness.